Instructor(s): R. Bessner; Visiting Professor
Description: The seminar begins with an examination of the history of youth justice in Canada. A study of the Youth Criminal Justice Act follows which includes the principles underlying the legislation, such as rehabilitation, reintegration, and other meaningful responses to youth crime. Some of the subjects examined are the minimum age of responsibility, the roles of legal counsel and parents, protections to youths regarding searches, police questioning and arrest, as well as protections on privacy and on the publication of information such as youth court records. Indigenous youth justice will also be canvassed. Other topics include the principles governing sentencing of youths and circumstances in which adult sentences are imposed on youths under the Youth Criminal Justice Act. Statistical information on youth crime will be studied as well as articles by criminologists and psychologists. Youth justice in other jurisdictions such as England, Australia and New Zealand will be compared with Canada’s youth justice system.
Evaluation: Class Participation - 7%
Role Playing and Reflection -33%
Research Paper- 60% - 7000 words excluding footnotes and bibliography.
The Research Paper topic must be approved.